class OpenSSL::PKey::DSA

DSA, the Digital Signature Algorithm, is specified in NIST's FIPS 186-3. It is an asymmetric public key algorithm that may be used similar to e.g. RSA.

Public Class Methods

generate(size) → dsa click to toggle source

Creates a new DSA instance by generating a private/public key pair from scratch.

See also OpenSSL::PKey.generate_parameters and OpenSSL::PKey.generate_key.

size

The desired key size in bits.

# File ext/openssl/lib/openssl/pkey.rb, line 144
def generate(size, &blk)
  dsaparams = OpenSSL::PKey.generate_parameters("DSA", {
    "dsa_paramgen_bits" => size,
  }, &blk)
  OpenSSL::PKey.generate_key(dsaparams)
end
new → dsa click to toggle source
new(string [, pass]) → dsa
new(size) → dsa

Creates a new DSA instance by reading an existing key from string.

If called without arguments, creates a new instance with no key components set. They can be set individually by set_pqg and set_key.

If called with a String, tries to parse as DER or PEM encoding of a DSA key. See also OpenSSL::PKey.read which can parse keys of any kinds.

If called with a number, generates random parameters and a key pair. This form works as an alias of DSA.generate.

string

A String that contains a DER or PEM encoded key.

pass

A String that contains an optional password.

size

See DSA.generate.

Examples:

p OpenSSL::PKey::DSA.new(1024)
#=> #<OpenSSL::PKey::DSA:0x000055a8d6025bf0 oid=DSA>

p OpenSSL::PKey::DSA.new(File.read('dsa.pem'))
#=> #<OpenSSL::PKey::DSA:0x000055555d6b8110 oid=DSA>

p OpenSSL::PKey::DSA.new(File.read('dsa.pem'), 'mypassword')
#=> #<OpenSSL::PKey::DSA:0x0000556f973c40b8 oid=DSA>
static VALUE
ossl_dsa_initialize(int argc, VALUE *argv, VALUE self)
{
    EVP_PKEY *pkey, *tmp;
    DSA *dsa = NULL;
    BIO *in;
    VALUE arg, pass;

    GetPKey(self, pkey);
    /* The DSA.new(size, generator) form is handled by lib/openssl/pkey.rb */
    rb_scan_args(argc, argv, "02", &arg, &pass);
    if (argc == 0) {
        dsa = DSA_new();
        if (!dsa)
            ossl_raise(eDSAError, "DSA_new");
    }
    else {
        pass = ossl_pem_passwd_value(pass);
        arg = ossl_to_der_if_possible(arg);
        in = ossl_obj2bio(&arg);

        tmp = ossl_pkey_read_generic(in, pass);
        if (tmp) {
            if (EVP_PKEY_base_id(tmp) != EVP_PKEY_DSA)
                rb_raise(eDSAError, "incorrect pkey type: %s",
                         OBJ_nid2sn(EVP_PKEY_base_id(tmp)));
            dsa = EVP_PKEY_get1_DSA(tmp);
            EVP_PKEY_free(tmp);
        }
        if (!dsa) {
            OSSL_BIO_reset(in);
#define PEM_read_bio_DSAPublicKey(bp,x,cb,u) (DSA *)PEM_ASN1_read_bio( \
        (d2i_of_void *)d2i_DSAPublicKey, PEM_STRING_DSA_PUBLIC, (bp), (void **)(x), (cb), (u))
            dsa = PEM_read_bio_DSAPublicKey(in, NULL, NULL, NULL);
#undef PEM_read_bio_DSAPublicKey
        }
        BIO_free(in);
        if (!dsa) {
            ossl_clear_error();
            ossl_raise(eDSAError, "Neither PUB key nor PRIV key");
        }
    }
    if (!EVP_PKEY_assign_DSA(pkey, dsa)) {
        DSA_free(dsa);
        ossl_raise(eDSAError, NULL);
    }

    return self;
}

Public Instance Methods

export([cipher, password]) → aString click to toggle source

Encodes this DSA to its PEM encoding.

Parameters

  • cipher is an OpenSSL::Cipher.

  • password is a string containing your password.

Examples

DSA.to_pem -> aString
DSA.to_pem(cipher, 'mypassword') -> aString
static VALUE
ossl_dsa_export(int argc, VALUE *argv, VALUE self)
{
    DSA *dsa;

    GetDSA(self, dsa);
    if (DSA_HAS_PRIVATE(dsa))
        return ossl_pkey_export_traditional(argc, argv, self, 0);
    else
        return ossl_pkey_export_spki(self, 0);
}
Also aliased as: to_pem, to_s
initialize_copy(p1) click to toggle source
static VALUE
ossl_dsa_initialize_copy(VALUE self, VALUE other)
{
    EVP_PKEY *pkey;
    DSA *dsa, *dsa_new;

    GetPKey(self, pkey);
    if (EVP_PKEY_base_id(pkey) != EVP_PKEY_NONE)
        ossl_raise(eDSAError, "DSA already initialized");
    GetDSA(other, dsa);

    dsa_new = ASN1_dup((i2d_of_void *)i2d_DSAPrivateKey, (d2i_of_void *)d2i_DSAPrivateKey, (char *)dsa);
    if (!dsa_new)
        ossl_raise(eDSAError, "ASN1_dup");

    EVP_PKEY_assign_DSA(pkey, dsa_new);

    return self;
}
params → hash click to toggle source

Stores all parameters of key to the hash INSECURE: PRIVATE INFORMATIONS CAN LEAK OUT!!! Don't use :-)) (I's up to you)

static VALUE
ossl_dsa_get_params(VALUE self)
{
    DSA *dsa;
    VALUE hash;
    const BIGNUM *p, *q, *g, *pub_key, *priv_key;

    GetDSA(self, dsa);
    DSA_get0_pqg(dsa, &p, &q, &g);
    DSA_get0_key(dsa, &pub_key, &priv_key);

    hash = rb_hash_new();
    rb_hash_aset(hash, rb_str_new2("p"), ossl_bn_new(p));
    rb_hash_aset(hash, rb_str_new2("q"), ossl_bn_new(q));
    rb_hash_aset(hash, rb_str_new2("g"), ossl_bn_new(g));
    rb_hash_aset(hash, rb_str_new2("pub_key"), ossl_bn_new(pub_key));
    rb_hash_aset(hash, rb_str_new2("priv_key"), ossl_bn_new(priv_key));

    return hash;
}
private? → true | false click to toggle source

Indicates whether this DSA instance has a private key associated with it or not. The private key may be retrieved with DSA#private_key.

static VALUE
ossl_dsa_is_private(VALUE self)
{
    DSA *dsa;

    GetDSA(self, dsa);

    return DSA_PRIVATE(self, dsa) ? Qtrue : Qfalse;
}
public? → true | false click to toggle source

Indicates whether this DSA instance has a public key associated with it or not. The public key may be retrieved with DSA#public_key.

static VALUE
ossl_dsa_is_public(VALUE self)
{
    DSA *dsa;
    const BIGNUM *bn;

    GetDSA(self, dsa);
    DSA_get0_key(dsa, &bn, NULL);

    return bn ? Qtrue : Qfalse;
}
public_key → dsanew click to toggle source

Returns a new DSA instance that carries just the DSA parameters and the public key.

This method is provided for backwards compatibility. In most cases, there is no need to call this method.

For the purpose of serializing the public key, to PEM or DER encoding of X.509 SubjectPublicKeyInfo format, check PKey#public_to_pem and PKey#public_to_der.

# File ext/openssl/lib/openssl/pkey.rb, line 128
def public_key
  OpenSSL::PKey.read(public_to_der)
end
set_key(pub_key, priv_key) → self

Sets pub_key and priv_key for the DSA instance. priv_key may be nil.

set_pqg(p, q, g) → self

Sets p, q, g to the DSA instance.

syssign(string) → string click to toggle source

Computes and returns the DSA signature of string, where string is expected to be an already-computed message digest of the original input data. The signature is issued using the private key of this DSA instance.

Deprecated in version 3.0. Consider using PKey::PKey#sign_raw and PKey::PKey#verify_raw instead.

string

A message digest of the original input data to be signed.

Example:

dsa = OpenSSL::PKey::DSA.new(2048)
doc = "Sign me"
digest = OpenSSL::Digest.digest('SHA1', doc)

# With legacy #syssign and #sysverify:
sig = dsa.syssign(digest)
p dsa.sysverify(digest, sig) #=> true

# With #sign_raw and #verify_raw:
sig = dsa.sign_raw(nil, digest)
p dsa.verify_raw(nil, sig, digest) #=> true
# File ext/openssl/lib/openssl/pkey.rb, line 187
def syssign(string)
  q or raise OpenSSL::PKey::DSAError, "incomplete DSA"
  private? or raise OpenSSL::PKey::DSAError, "Private DSA key needed!"
  begin
    sign_raw(nil, string)
  rescue OpenSSL::PKey::PKeyError
    raise OpenSSL::PKey::DSAError, $!.message
  end
end
sysverify(digest, sig) → true | false click to toggle source

Verifies whether the signature is valid given the message digest input. It does so by validating sig using the public key of this DSA instance.

Deprecated in version 3.0. Consider using PKey::PKey#sign_raw and PKey::PKey#verify_raw instead.

digest

A message digest of the original input data to be signed.

sig

A DSA signature value.

# File ext/openssl/lib/openssl/pkey.rb, line 210
def sysverify(digest, sig)
  verify_raw(nil, sig, digest)
rescue OpenSSL::PKey::PKeyError
  raise OpenSSL::PKey::DSAError, $!.message
end
to_der → aString click to toggle source

Encodes this DSA to its DER encoding.

static VALUE
ossl_dsa_to_der(VALUE self)
{
    DSA *dsa;

    GetDSA(self, dsa);
    if (DSA_HAS_PRIVATE(dsa))
        return ossl_pkey_export_traditional(0, NULL, self, 1);
    else
        return ossl_pkey_export_spki(self, 1);
}
to_pem([cipher, password]) → aString

Encodes this DSA to its PEM encoding.

Parameters

  • cipher is an OpenSSL::Cipher.

  • password is a string containing your password.

Examples

DSA.to_pem -> aString
DSA.to_pem(cipher, 'mypassword') -> aString
Alias for: export
to_s([cipher, password]) → aString

Encodes this DSA to its PEM encoding.

Parameters

  • cipher is an OpenSSL::Cipher.

  • password is a string containing your password.

Examples

DSA.to_pem -> aString
DSA.to_pem(cipher, 'mypassword') -> aString
Alias for: export