class XMLRPC::CGIServer

Implements a CGI-based XML-RPC server.

require "xmlrpc/server"

s = XMLRPC::CGIServer.new

s.add_handler("michael.add") do |a,b|
  a + b
end

s.add_handler("michael.div") do |a,b|
  if b == 0
    raise XMLRPC::FaultException.new(1, "division by zero")
  else
    a / b
  end
end

s.set_default_handler do |name, *args|
  raise XMLRPC::FaultException.new(-99, "Method #{name} missing" +
                                   " or wrong number of parameters!")
end

s.serve

Note: Make sure that you don't write to standard-output in a handler, or in any other part of your program, this would cause a CGI-based server to fail!

Public Class Methods

new(*a) click to toggle source

Creates a new XMLRPC::CGIServer instance.

All parameters given are by-passed to XMLRPC::BasicServer.new.

You can only create one XMLRPC::CGIServer instance, because more than one makes no sense.

Calls superclass method XMLRPC::BasicServer.new
# File lib/xmlrpc/server.rb, line 391
def CGIServer.new(*a)
  @@obj = super(*a) if @@obj.nil?
  @@obj
end
new(*a) click to toggle source
Calls superclass method XMLRPC::BasicServer.new
# File lib/xmlrpc/server.rb, line 396
def initialize(*a)
  super(*a)
end

Public Instance Methods

serve() click to toggle source

Call this after you have added all you handlers to the server.

This method processes a XML-RPC method call and sends the answer back to the client.

# File lib/xmlrpc/server.rb, line 404
def serve
  catch(:exit_serve) {
    length = ENV['CONTENT_LENGTH'].to_i

    http_error(405, "Method Not Allowed") unless ENV['REQUEST_METHOD'] == "POST"
    http_error(400, "Bad Request")        unless parse_content_type(ENV['CONTENT_TYPE']).first == "text/xml"
    http_error(411, "Length Required")    unless length > 0

    # TODO: do we need a call to binmode?
    $stdin.binmode if $stdin.respond_to? :binmode
    data = $stdin.read(length)

    http_error(400, "Bad Request")        if data.nil? or data.bytesize != length

    http_write(process(data), "Content-type" => "text/xml; charset=utf-8")
  }
end

Private Instance Methods

http_error(status, message) click to toggle source
# File lib/xmlrpc/server.rb, line 425
  def http_error(status, message)
    err = "#{status} #{message}"
    msg = <<-"MSGEND"
      <html>
        <head>
          <title>#{err}</title>
        </head>
        <body>
          <h1>#{err}</h1>
          <p>Unexpected error occurred while processing XML-RPC request!</p>
        </body>
      </html>
    MSGEND

    http_write(msg, "Status" => err, "Content-type" => "text/html")
    throw :exit_serve # exit from the #serve method
  end
http_write(body, header) click to toggle source
# File lib/xmlrpc/server.rb, line 443
def http_write(body, header)
  h = {}
  header.each {|key, value| h[key.to_s.capitalize] = value}
  h['Status']         ||= "200 OK"
  h['Content-length'] ||= body.bytesize.to_s

  str = ""
  h.each {|key, value| str << "#{key}: #{value}\r\n"}
  str << "\r\n#{body}"

  print str
end