class WEBrick::HTTPRequest

An HTTP request. This is consumed by service and do_* methods in WEBrick servlets

Attributes

addr[R]

The socket address of the server

attributes[R]

Hash of request attributes

cipher[R]

HTTP request SSL cipher

client_cert[R]

HTTP request client certificate

keep_alive[R]

Is this a keep-alive connection?

peeraddr[R]

The socket address of the client

request_time[R]

The local time this request was received

server_cert[R]

HTTP request server certificate

user[RW]

The remote user (CGI variable)

Public Class Methods

new(config) click to toggle source

Creates a new HTTP request. WEBrick::Config::HTTP is the default configuration.

# File lib/webrick/httprequest.rb, line 152
def initialize(config)
  @config = config
  @buffer_size = @config[:InputBufferSize]
  @logger = config[:Logger]

  @request_line = @request_method =
    @unparsed_uri = @http_version = nil

  @request_uri = @host = @port = @path = nil
  @script_name = @path_info = nil
  @query_string = nil
  @query = nil
  @form_data = nil

  @raw_header = Array.new
  @header = nil
  @cookies = []
  @accept = []
  @accept_charset = []
  @accept_encoding = []
  @accept_language = []
  @body = ""

  @addr = @peeraddr = nil
  @attributes = {}
  @user = nil
  @keep_alive = false
  @request_time = nil

  @remaining_size = nil
  @socket = nil

  @forwarded_proto = @forwarded_host = @forwarded_port =
    @forwarded_server = @forwarded_for = nil
end

Public Instance Methods

[](header_name) click to toggle source

Retrieves header_name

# File lib/webrick/httprequest.rb, line 313
def [](header_name)
  if @header
    value = @header[header_name.downcase]
    value.empty? ? nil : value.join(", ")
  end
end
body() { |body_chunk| ... } click to toggle source

Returns the request body.

# File lib/webrick/httprequest.rb, line 254
def body(&block) # :yields: body_chunk
  block ||= Proc.new{|chunk| @body << chunk }
  read_body(@socket, block)
  @body.empty? ? nil : @body
end
body_reader() click to toggle source

Prepares the HTTPRequest object for use as the source for IO.copy_stream

# File lib/webrick/httprequest.rb, line 264
def body_reader
  @body_tmp = []
  @body_rd = Fiber.new do
    body do |buf|
      @body_tmp << buf
      Fiber.yield
    end
  end
  @body_rd.resume # grab the first chunk and yield
  self
end
content_length() click to toggle source

The content-length header

# File lib/webrick/httprequest.rb, line 299
def content_length
  return Integer(self['content-length'])
end
content_type() click to toggle source

The content-type header

# File lib/webrick/httprequest.rb, line 306
def content_type
  return self['content-type']
end
each() { |k, empty? ? nil : join(", ")| ... } click to toggle source

Iterates over the request headers

# File lib/webrick/httprequest.rb, line 323
def each
  if @header
    @header.each{|k, v|
      value = @header[k]
      yield(k, value.empty? ? nil : value.join(", "))
    }
  end
end
host() click to toggle source

The host this request is for

# File lib/webrick/httprequest.rb, line 335
def host
  return @forwarded_host || @host
end
keep_alive?() click to toggle source

Should the connection this request was made on be kept alive?

# File lib/webrick/httprequest.rb, line 370
def keep_alive?
  @keep_alive
end
meta_vars() click to toggle source

This method provides the metavariables defined by the revision 3 of “The WWW Common Gateway Interface Version 1.1” To browse the current document of CGI Version 1.1, see below: tools.ietf.org/html/rfc3875

# File lib/webrick/httprequest.rb, line 402
def meta_vars
  meta = Hash.new

  cl = self["Content-Length"]
  ct = self["Content-Type"]
  meta["CONTENT_LENGTH"]    = cl if cl.to_i > 0
  meta["CONTENT_TYPE"]      = ct.dup if ct
  meta["GATEWAY_INTERFACE"] = "CGI/1.1"
  meta["PATH_INFO"]         = @path_info ? @path_info.dup : ""
 #meta["PATH_TRANSLATED"]   = nil      # no plan to be provided
  meta["QUERY_STRING"]      = @query_string ? @query_string.dup : ""
  meta["REMOTE_ADDR"]       = @peeraddr[3]
  meta["REMOTE_HOST"]       = @peeraddr[2]
 #meta["REMOTE_IDENT"]      = nil      # no plan to be provided
  meta["REMOTE_USER"]       = @user
  meta["REQUEST_METHOD"]    = @request_method.dup
  meta["REQUEST_URI"]       = @request_uri.to_s
  meta["SCRIPT_NAME"]       = @script_name.dup
  meta["SERVER_NAME"]       = @host
  meta["SERVER_PORT"]       = @port.to_s
  meta["SERVER_PROTOCOL"]   = "HTTP/" + @config[:HTTPVersion].to_s
  meta["SERVER_SOFTWARE"]   = @config[:ServerSoftware].dup

  self.each{|key, val|
    next if /^content-type$/i =~ key
    next if /^content-length$/i =~ key
    name = "HTTP_" + key
    name.gsub!(/-/o, "_")
    name.upcase!
    meta[name] = val
  }

  meta
end
parse(socket=nil) click to toggle source

Parses a request from socket. This is called internally by WEBrick::HTTPServer.

# File lib/webrick/httprequest.rb, line 192
def parse(socket=nil)
  @socket = socket
  begin
    @peeraddr = socket.respond_to?(:peeraddr) ? socket.peeraddr : []
    @addr = socket.respond_to?(:addr) ? socket.addr : []
  rescue Errno::ENOTCONN
    raise HTTPStatus::EOFError
  end

  read_request_line(socket)
  if @http_version.major > 0
    read_header(socket)
    @header['cookie'].each{|cookie|
      @cookies += Cookie::parse(cookie)
    }
    @accept = HTTPUtils.parse_qvalues(self['accept'])
    @accept_charset = HTTPUtils.parse_qvalues(self['accept-charset'])
    @accept_encoding = HTTPUtils.parse_qvalues(self['accept-encoding'])
    @accept_language = HTTPUtils.parse_qvalues(self['accept-language'])
  end
  return if @request_method == "CONNECT"
  return if @unparsed_uri == "*"

  begin
    setup_forwarded_info
    @request_uri = parse_uri(@unparsed_uri)
    @path = HTTPUtils::unescape(@request_uri.path)
    @path = HTTPUtils::normalize_path(@path)
    @host = @request_uri.host
    @port = @request_uri.port
    @query_string = @request_uri.query
    @script_name = ""
    @path_info = @path.dup
  rescue
    raise HTTPStatus::BadRequest, "bad URI `#{@unparsed_uri}'."
  end

  if /close/io =~ self["connection"]
    @keep_alive = false
  elsif /keep-alive/io =~ self["connection"]
    @keep_alive = true
  elsif @http_version < "1.1"
    @keep_alive = false
  else
    @keep_alive = true
  end
end

##
# Generate HTTP/1.1 100 continue response if the client expects it,
# otherwise does nothing.

def continue # :nodoc:
  if self['expect'] == '100-continue' && @config[:HTTPVersion] >= "1.1"
    @socket << "HTTP/#{@config[:HTTPVersion]} 100 continue#{CRLF}#{CRLF}"
    @header.delete('expect')
  end
end

##
# Returns the request body.

def body(&block) # :yields: body_chunk
  block ||= Proc.new{|chunk| @body << chunk }
  read_body(@socket, block)
  @body.empty? ? nil : @body
end

##
# Prepares the HTTPRequest object for use as the
# source for IO.copy_stream

def body_reader
  @body_tmp = []
  @body_rd = Fiber.new do
    body do |buf|
      @body_tmp << buf
      Fiber.yield
    end
  end
  @body_rd.resume # grab the first chunk and yield
  self
end

# for IO.copy_stream.  Note: we may return a larger string than +size+
# here; but IO.copy_stream does not care.
def readpartial(size, buf = ''.b) # :nodoc
  res = @body_tmp.shift or raise EOFError, 'end of file reached'
  buf.replace(res)
  res.clear
  @body_rd.resume # get more chunks
  buf
end

##
# Request query as a Hash

def query
  unless @query
    parse_query()
  end
  @query
end

##
# The content-length header

def content_length
  return Integer(self['content-length'])
end

##
# The content-type header

def content_type
  return self['content-type']
end

##
# Retrieves +header_name+

def [](header_name)
  if @header
    value = @header[header_name.downcase]
    value.empty? ? nil : value.join(", ")
  end
end

##
# Iterates over the request headers

def each
  if @header
    @header.each{|k, v|
      value = @header[k]
      yield(k, value.empty? ? nil : value.join(", "))
    }
  end
end

##
# The host this request is for

def host
  return @forwarded_host || @host
end

##
# The port this request is for

def port
  return @forwarded_port || @port
end

##
# The server name this request is for

def server_name
  return @forwarded_server || @config[:ServerName]
end

##
# The client's IP address

def remote_ip
  return self["client-ip"] || @forwarded_for || @peeraddr[3]
end

##
# Is this an SSL request?

def ssl?
  return @request_uri.scheme == "https"
end

##
# Should the connection this request was made on be kept alive?

def keep_alive?
  @keep_alive
end

def to_s # :nodoc:
  ret = @request_line.dup
  @raw_header.each{|line| ret << line }
  ret << CRLF
  ret << body if body
  ret
end

##
# Consumes any remaining body and updates keep-alive status

def fixup() # :nodoc:
  begin
    body{|chunk| }   # read remaining body
  rescue HTTPStatus::Error => ex
    @logger.error("HTTPRequest#fixup: #{ex.class} occurred.")
    @keep_alive = false
  rescue => ex
    @logger.error(ex)
    @keep_alive = false
  end
end

# This method provides the metavariables defined by the revision 3
# of "The WWW Common Gateway Interface Version 1.1"
# To browse the current document of CGI Version 1.1, see below:
# http://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc3875

def meta_vars
  meta = Hash.new

  cl = self["Content-Length"]
  ct = self["Content-Type"]
  meta["CONTENT_LENGTH"]    = cl if cl.to_i > 0
  meta["CONTENT_TYPE"]      = ct.dup if ct
  meta["GATEWAY_INTERFACE"] = "CGI/1.1"
  meta["PATH_INFO"]         = @path_info ? @path_info.dup : ""
 #meta["PATH_TRANSLATED"]   = nil      # no plan to be provided
  meta["QUERY_STRING"]      = @query_string ? @query_string.dup : ""
  meta["REMOTE_ADDR"]       = @peeraddr[3]
  meta["REMOTE_HOST"]       = @peeraddr[2]
 #meta["REMOTE_IDENT"]      = nil      # no plan to be provided
  meta["REMOTE_USER"]       = @user
  meta["REQUEST_METHOD"]    = @request_method.dup
  meta["REQUEST_URI"]       = @request_uri.to_s
  meta["SCRIPT_NAME"]       = @script_name.dup
  meta["SERVER_NAME"]       = @host
  meta["SERVER_PORT"]       = @port.to_s
  meta["SERVER_PROTOCOL"]   = "HTTP/" + @config[:HTTPVersion].to_s
  meta["SERVER_SOFTWARE"]   = @config[:ServerSoftware].dup

  self.each{|key, val|
    next if /^content-type$/i =~ key
    next if /^content-length$/i =~ key
    name = "HTTP_" + key
    name.gsub!(/-/o, "_")
    name.upcase!
    meta[name] = val
  }

  meta
end

private

# :stopdoc:

MAX_URI_LENGTH = 2083 # :nodoc:

# same as Mongrel, Thin and Puma
MAX_HEADER_LENGTH = (112 * 1024) # :nodoc:

def read_request_line(socket)
  @request_line = read_line(socket, MAX_URI_LENGTH) if socket
  raise HTTPStatus::EOFError unless @request_line

  @request_bytes = @request_line.bytesize
  if @request_bytes >= MAX_URI_LENGTH and @request_line[-1, 1] != LF
    raise HTTPStatus::RequestURITooLarge
  end

  @request_time = Time.now
  if /^(\S+)\s+(\S++)(?:\s+HTTP\/(\d+\.\d+))?\r?\n/mo =~ @request_line
    @request_method = $1
    @unparsed_uri   = $2
    @http_version   = HTTPVersion.new($3 ? $3 : "0.9")
  else
    rl = @request_line.sub(/\x0d?\x0a\z/o, '')
    raise HTTPStatus::BadRequest, "bad Request-Line `#{rl}'."
  end
end

def read_header(socket)
  if socket
    while line = read_line(socket)
      break if /\A(#{CRLF}|#{LF})\z/om =~ line
      if (@request_bytes += line.bytesize) > MAX_HEADER_LENGTH
        raise HTTPStatus::RequestEntityTooLarge, 'headers too large'
      end
      @raw_header << line
    end
  end
  @header = HTTPUtils::parse_header(@raw_header.join)
end

def parse_uri(str, scheme="http")
  if @config[:Escape8bitURI]
    str = HTTPUtils::escape8bit(str)
  end
  str.sub!(%r{\A/+}o, '/')
  uri = URI::parse(str)
  return uri if uri.absolute?
  if @forwarded_host
    host, port = @forwarded_host, @forwarded_port
  elsif self["host"]
    pattern = /\A(#{URI::REGEXP::PATTERN::HOST})(?::(\d+))?\z/n
    host, port = *self['host'].scan(pattern)[0]
  elsif @addr.size > 0
    host, port = @addr[2], @addr[1]
  else
    host, port = @config[:ServerName], @config[:Port]
  end
  uri.scheme = @forwarded_proto || scheme
  uri.host = host
  uri.port = port ? port.to_i : nil
  return URI::parse(uri.to_s)
end

def read_body(socket, block)
  return unless socket
  if tc = self['transfer-encoding']
    case tc
    when /chunked/io then read_chunked(socket, block)
    else raise HTTPStatus::NotImplemented, "Transfer-Encoding: #{tc}."
    end
  elsif self['content-length'] || @remaining_size
    @remaining_size ||= self['content-length'].to_i
    while @remaining_size > 0
      sz = [@buffer_size, @remaining_size].min
      break unless buf = read_data(socket, sz)
      @remaining_size -= buf.bytesize
      block.call(buf)
    end
    if @remaining_size > 0 && @socket.eof?
      raise HTTPStatus::BadRequest, "invalid body size."
    end
  elsif BODY_CONTAINABLE_METHODS.member?(@request_method)
    raise HTTPStatus::LengthRequired
  end
  return @body
end

def read_chunk_size(socket)
  line = read_line(socket)
  if /^([0-9a-fA-F]+)(?:;(\S+))?/ =~ line
    chunk_size = $1.hex
    chunk_ext = $2
    [ chunk_size, chunk_ext ]
  else
    raise HTTPStatus::BadRequest, "bad chunk `#{line}'."
  end
end

def read_chunked(socket, block)
  chunk_size, = read_chunk_size(socket)
  while chunk_size > 0
    begin
      sz = [ chunk_size, @buffer_size ].min
      data = read_data(socket, sz) # read chunk-data
      if data.nil? || data.bytesize != sz
        raise HTTPStatus::BadRequest, "bad chunk data size."
      end
      block.call(data)
    end while (chunk_size -= sz) > 0

    read_line(socket)                    # skip CRLF
    chunk_size, = read_chunk_size(socket)
  end
  read_header(socket)                    # trailer + CRLF
  @header.delete("transfer-encoding")
  @remaining_size = 0
end

def _read_data(io, method, *arg)
  begin
    WEBrick::Utils.timeout(@config[:RequestTimeout]){
      return io.__send__(method, *arg)
    }
  rescue Errno::ECONNRESET
    return nil
  rescue Timeout::Error
    raise HTTPStatus::RequestTimeout
  end
end

def read_line(io, size=4096)
  _read_data(io, :gets, LF, size)
end

def read_data(io, size)
  _read_data(io, :read, size)
end

def parse_query()
  begin
    if @request_method == "GET" || @request_method == "HEAD"
      @query = HTTPUtils::parse_query(@query_string)
    elsif self['content-type'] =~ /^application\/x-www-form-urlencoded/
      @query = HTTPUtils::parse_query(body)
    elsif self['content-type'] =~ /^multipart\/form-data; boundary=(.+)/
      boundary = HTTPUtils::dequote($1)
      @query = HTTPUtils::parse_form_data(body, boundary)
    else
      @query = Hash.new
    end
  rescue => ex
    raise HTTPStatus::BadRequest, ex.message
  end
end

PrivateNetworkRegexp = /
  ^unknown$|
  ^((::ffff:)?127.0.0.1|::1)$|
  ^(::ffff:)?(10|172\.(1[6-9]|2[0-9]|3[01])|192\.168)\.
/ixo

# It's said that all X-Forwarded-* headers will contain more than one
# (comma-separated) value if the original request already contained one of
# these headers. Since we could use these values as Host header, we choose
# the initial(first) value. (apr_table_mergen() adds new value after the
# existing value with ", " prefix)
def setup_forwarded_info
  if @forwarded_server = self["x-forwarded-server"]
    @forwarded_server = @forwarded_server.split(",", 2).first
  end
  if @forwarded_proto = self["x-forwarded-proto"]
    @forwarded_proto = @forwarded_proto.split(",", 2).first
  end
  if host_port = self["x-forwarded-host"]
    host_port = host_port.split(",", 2).first
    @forwarded_host, tmp = host_port.split(":", 2)
    @forwarded_port = (tmp || (@forwarded_proto == "https" ? 443 : 80)).to_i
  end
  if addrs = self["x-forwarded-for"]
    addrs = addrs.split(",").collect(&:strip)
    addrs.reject!{|ip| PrivateNetworkRegexp =~ ip }
    @forwarded_for = addrs.first
  end
end

# :startdoc:
port() click to toggle source

The port this request is for

# File lib/webrick/httprequest.rb, line 342
def port
  return @forwarded_port || @port
end
query() click to toggle source

Request query as a Hash

# File lib/webrick/httprequest.rb, line 289
def query
  unless @query
    parse_query()
  end
  @query
end
readpartial(size, buf = ''.b) click to toggle source

for IO.copy_stream. Note: we may return a larger string than size here; but IO.copy_stream does not care.

# File lib/webrick/httprequest.rb, line 278
def readpartial(size, buf = ''.b) # :nodoc
  res = @body_tmp.shift or raise EOFError, 'end of file reached'
  buf.replace(res)
  res.clear
  @body_rd.resume # get more chunks
  buf
end
remote_ip() click to toggle source

The client's IP address

# File lib/webrick/httprequest.rb, line 356
def remote_ip
  return self["client-ip"] || @forwarded_for || @peeraddr[3]
end
server_name() click to toggle source

The server name this request is for

# File lib/webrick/httprequest.rb, line 349
def server_name
  return @forwarded_server || @config[:ServerName]
end
ssl?() click to toggle source

Is this an SSL request?

# File lib/webrick/httprequest.rb, line 363
def ssl?
  return @request_uri.scheme == "https"
end

Header and entity body

↑ top

Attributes

accept[R]

The Accept header value

accept_charset[R]

The Accept-Charset header value

accept_encoding[R]

The Accept-Encoding header value

accept_language[R]

The Accept-Language header value

cookies[R]

The parsed request cookies

header[R]

The parsed header of the request

raw_header[R]

The raw header of the request

Request line

↑ top

Attributes

http_version[R]

The HTTP version of the request

request_line[R]

The complete request line such as:

GET / HTTP/1.1
request_method[R]

The request method, GET, POST, PUT, etc.

unparsed_uri[R]

The unparsed URI of the request

Request-URI

↑ top

Attributes

path[R]

The request path

path_info[RW]

The path info (CGI variable)

query_string[RW]

The query from the URI of the request

request_uri[R]

The parsed URI of the request

script_name[RW]

The script name (CGI variable)