module RubyVM::AbstractSyntaxTree

AbstractSyntaxTree provides methods to parse Ruby code into abstract syntax trees. The nodes in the tree are instances of RubyVM::AbstractSyntaxTree::Node.

Public Class Methods

RubyVM::AbstractSyntaxTree.of(proc) → RubyVM::AbstractSyntaxTree::Node click to toggle source
RubyVM::AbstractSyntaxTree.of(method) → RubyVM::AbstractSyntaxTree::Node

Returns AST nodes of the given proc or method.

RubyVM::AbstractSyntaxTree.of(proc {1 + 2})
# => #<RubyVM::AbstractSyntaxTree::Node:SCOPE@1:35-1:42>

def hello
  puts "hello, world"
end

RubyVM::AbstractSyntaxTree.of(method(:hello))
# => #<RubyVM::AbstractSyntaxTree::Node:SCOPE@1:0-3:3>
static VALUE
rb_ast_s_of(VALUE module, VALUE body)
{
    VALUE path, node, lines;
    int node_id;
    const rb_iseq_t *iseq = NULL;

    if (rb_obj_is_proc(body)) {
        iseq = vm_proc_iseq(body);

        if (!rb_obj_is_iseq((VALUE)iseq)) {
            iseq = NULL;
        }
    }
    else {
        iseq = rb_method_iseq(body);
    }

    if (!iseq) return Qnil;

    path = rb_iseq_path(iseq);
    node_id = iseq->body->location.node_id;
    if (!NIL_P(lines = script_lines(path))) {
        node = rb_ast_parse_array(lines);
    }
    else if (RSTRING_LEN(path) == 2 && memcmp(RSTRING_PTR(path), "-e", 2) == 0) {
        node = rb_ast_parse_str(rb_e_script);
    }
    else {
        node = rb_ast_parse_file(path);
    }

    return node_find(node, node_id);
}
RubyVM::AbstractSyntaxTree.parse(string) → RubyVM::AbstractSyntaxTree::Node click to toggle source

Parses the given string into an abstract syntax tree, returning the root node of that tree.

SyntaxError is raised if the given string is invalid syntax.

RubyVM::AbstractSyntaxTree.parse("x = 1 + 2")
# => #<RubyVM::AbstractSyntaxTree::Node:SCOPE@1:0-1:9>
static VALUE
rb_ast_s_parse(VALUE module, VALUE str)
{
    return rb_ast_parse_str(str);
}
RubyVM::AbstractSyntaxTree.parse_file(pathname) → RubyVM::AbstractSyntaxTree::Node click to toggle source

Reads the file from pathname, then parses it like ::parse, returning the root node of the abstract syntax tree.

SyntaxError is raised if pathname's contents are not valid Ruby syntax.

RubyVM::AbstractSyntaxTree.parse_file("my-app/app.rb")
# => #<RubyVM::AbstractSyntaxTree::Node:SCOPE@1:0-31:3>
static VALUE
rb_ast_s_parse_file(VALUE module, VALUE path)
{
    return rb_ast_parse_file(path);
}