class Delegator

This library provides three different ways to delegate method calls to an object. The easiest to use is SimpleDelegator. Pass an object to the constructor and all methods supported by the object will be delegated. This object can be changed later.

Going a step further, the top level DelegateClass method allows you to easily setup delegation through class inheritance. This is considerably more flexible and thus probably the most common use for this library.

Finally, if you need full control over the delegation scheme, you can inherit from the abstract class Delegator and customize as needed. (If you find yourself needing this control, have a look at Forwardable which is also in the standard library. It may suit your needs better.)

SimpleDelegator's implementation serves as a nice example of the use of Delegator:

class SimpleDelegator < Delegator
  def __getobj__
    @delegate_sd_obj # return object we are delegating to, required
  end

  def __setobj__(obj)
    @delegate_sd_obj = obj # change delegation object,
                           # a feature we're providing
  end
end

Notes

Be advised, RDoc will not detect delegated methods.

Public Class Methods

new(obj) click to toggle source

Pass in the obj to delegate method calls to. All methods supported by obj will be delegated to.

# File lib/delegate.rb, line 70
def initialize(obj)
  __setobj__(obj)
end

Public Instance Methods

!() click to toggle source

Delegates ! to the _getobj_

# File lib/delegate.rb, line 150
def !
  !__getobj__
end
!=(obj) click to toggle source

Returns true if two objects are not considered of equal value.

# File lib/delegate.rb, line 142
def !=(obj)
  return false if obj.equal?(self)
  __getobj__ != obj
end
==(obj) click to toggle source

Returns true if two objects are considered of equal value.

# File lib/delegate.rb, line 134
def ==(obj)
  return true if obj.equal?(self)
  self.__getobj__ == obj
end
__getobj__() click to toggle source

This method must be overridden by subclasses and should return the object method calls are being delegated to.

# File lib/delegate.rb, line 158
def __getobj__
  __raise__ ::NotImplementedError, "need to define `__getobj__'"
end
__raise__()
Alias for: raise
__setobj__(obj) click to toggle source

This method must be overridden by subclasses and change the object delegate to obj.

# File lib/delegate.rb, line 166
def __setobj__(obj)
  __raise__ ::NotImplementedError, "need to define `__setobj__'"
end
freeze() click to toggle source

Freeze both the object returned by _getobj_ and self.

# File lib/delegate.rb, line 228
  
marshal_dump() click to toggle source

Serialization support for the object returned by _getobj_.

# File lib/delegate.rb, line 173
def marshal_dump
  ivars = instance_variables.reject {|var| /\A@delegate_/ =~ var}
  [
    :__v2__,
    ivars, ivars.map {|var| instance_variable_get(var)},
    __getobj__
  ]
end
marshal_load(data) click to toggle source

Reinitializes delegation from a serialized object.

# File lib/delegate.rb, line 185
def marshal_load(data)
  version, vars, values, obj = data
  if version == :__v2__
    vars.each_with_index {|var, i| instance_variable_set(var, values[i])}
    __setobj__(obj)
  else
    __setobj__(data)
  end
end
method_missing(m, *args, &block) click to toggle source

Handles the magic of delegation through _getobj_.

Calls superclass method BasicObject#method_missing
# File lib/delegate.rb, line 77
def method_missing(m, *args, &block)
  r = true
  target = self.__getobj__ {r = false}

  if r && target.respond_to?(m)
    target.__send__(m, *args, &block)
  elsif ::Kernel.respond_to?(m, true)
    ::Kernel.instance_method(m).bind(self).(*args, &block)
  else
    super(m, *args, &block)
  end
end
methods(all=true) click to toggle source

Returns the methods available to this delegate object as the union of this object's and _getobj_ methods.

Calls superclass method
# File lib/delegate.rb, line 109
def methods(all=true)
  __getobj__.methods(all) | super
end
protected_methods(all=true) click to toggle source

Returns the methods available to this delegate object as the union of this object's and _getobj_ protected methods.

Calls superclass method
# File lib/delegate.rb, line 125
def protected_methods(all=true)
  __getobj__.protected_methods(all) | super
end
public_methods(all=true) click to toggle source

Returns the methods available to this delegate object as the union of this object's and _getobj_ public methods.

Calls superclass method
# File lib/delegate.rb, line 117
def public_methods(all=true)
  __getobj__.public_methods(all) | super
end
raise() click to toggle source

Use __raise__ if your Delegator does not have a object to delegate the raise method call.

# File lib/delegate.rb, line 66
  
Also aliased as: __raise__
respond_to_missing?(m, include_private) click to toggle source

Checks for a method provided by this the delegate object by forwarding the call through _getobj_.

# File lib/delegate.rb, line 94
def respond_to_missing?(m, include_private)
  r = true
  target = self.__getobj__ {r = false}
  r &&= target.respond_to?(m, include_private)
  if r && include_private && !target.respond_to?(m, false)
    warn "#{caller(3)[0]}: delegator does not forward private method \##{m}"
    return false
  end
  r
end
taint() click to toggle source

Taint both the object returned by _getobj_ and self.

# File lib/delegate.rb, line 218
  
trust() click to toggle source

Trust both the object returned by _getobj_ and self.

# File lib/delegate.rb, line 208
  
untaint() click to toggle source

Untaint both the object returned by _getobj_ and self.

# File lib/delegate.rb, line 223
  
untrust() click to toggle source

Untrust both the object returned by _getobj_ and self.

# File lib/delegate.rb, line 213